Antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts from 12 Chinese edible flowers in vitro and in vivo

  • Feng Wang
  • Miao Miao
  • Hui Xia
  • Li-Gang Yang
  • Shao-Kang Wang
  • Gui-Ju Sun
Keywords: Edible flowers, antioxidant activity, hypoxia-reoxygenation, hyperlipidemia

Abstract

The antioxidant function of edible flowers have attracted increasing interest. However, information is lacking on the impact of edible flowers on oxidative injury including hypoxia-re-oxygenation and hyperlipidemia. The antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts from 12 Chinese edible flowers were assessed in four different antioxidant models, including total antioxidant capacity (TAC), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), scavenging hydroxyl radical capacity (SHRC) and scavenging superoxide anion radical capacity (SSARC). Subsequently, the potential antioxidant effects on rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (rCMEC) treated with hypoxia-re-oxygenation and hyperlipidemia rats induced by high-fat diet were also evaluated. The highest TAC, ORAC, SHRC and SSARC were Lonicera japonica Thunb., Rosa rugosa Thunb., Chrysanthemum indicum L. and Rosa rugosa Thunb., respectively. Most aqueous extracts of edible flowers exhibited good antioxidant effects on injury of rCMEC induced by hypoxia-re-oxygenation. In addition, the aqueous extracts of Lonicera japonica Thunb., Carthamus tinctorius L., Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils., Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. could suppress the build-up of oxidative stress by increasing serum superoxide dismutase, glutathion peroxidase, and reducing malonaldehyde concentration in hyperlipidemia rats. These findings provided scientific support for screening edible flowers as natural antioxidants and preventative treatments for oxidative stress-related diseases.

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Published
2016-12-20
How to Cite
1.
Wang F, Miao M, Xia H, Yang L-G, Wang S-K, Sun G-J. Antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts from 12 Chinese edible flowers <em>in vitro</em> and <em>in vivo</em&gt;. Food & Nutrition Research [Internet]. 20Dec.2016 [cited 19Jul.2018];61. Available from: https://foodandnutritionresearch.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/1152
Section
Original Articles