Soybean protein-derived peptide nutriment increases negative nitrogen balance in burn injury-induced inflammatory stress response in aged rats through the modulation of white blood cells and immune factors

  • Jian Zhang Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
  • Wenhui Li Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
  • Zhiwei Ying Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
  • Di Zhao Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
  • Guofu Yi Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
  • He Li Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
  • Xinqi Liu Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, China
Keywords: soybean protein-derived peptide, nutritional supplement, negative nitrogen balance, burn, inflammation

Abstract

Background: As an important nutrient, soybean protein-derived peptides (SPP) affect the immune function of animals.

Objective: This study describes the effects of nutrient supplementation with SPP on the negative nitrogen balance in the burn injury-induced inflammatory response of aged rats. Design: Soybean protein isolate (SPI) was hydrolyzed to obtain SPP. A negative nitrogen-balance aged rat model and a major full-thickness 30% total body surface area (TBSA) burn-injury rat model were utilized.

Results: The results show that SPP can increase the speed and ability of inflammatory stress by adjusting white blood cell counts. Soybean protein-derived peptides significantly increased serum immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels; significantly decreased serum interleukin-1 beta (IL-β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and regulated upon activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) levels. These results give conclusive evidence that SPP has a significantly positive effect in improving the immune function on the condition of negative nitrogen balance with burn-injury, and reducing excessive inflammation.

Conclusions: Nutrient supplementation of SPP can, therefore, be used as an adjuvant treatment to inhibit the development and severity of inflammatory reactions caused by burns, providing a novel therapy for the treatment and positive prognosis of burn patients.

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References


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Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
Zhang, J., Li, W., Ying, Z., Zhao, D., Yi, G., Li, H., & Liu, X. (2020). Soybean protein-derived peptide nutriment increases negative nitrogen balance in burn injury-induced inflammatory stress response in aged rats through the modulation of white blood cells and immune factors. Food & Nutrition Research, 64. https://doi.org/10.29219/fnr.v64.3677
Section
Original Articles