Lactobacillus plantarum LP45 inhibits the RANKL/OPG signaling pathway and prevents glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
Objective: To examine the potential effect of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum LP45 on osteoporosis and to explore the involved molecular mechanisms.
Methods: A rat model of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) was established, which was also orally administered with increasing doses of LP45 for 8 weeks. After the termination of the 8-week treatment, the tibia and femur bones of rats were analyzed for bone histomorphometry, bone mineral content (BMC), and bone mineral density (BMD). Femoral biomechanics were assessed. In addition, levels of osteocalcin, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5 (TRAP5), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) in the serum and bone marrow were also measured using ELISA, Western blot, and real time-polymerase chain reaction.
Results: GIO caused obvious defects in tibia and femur bone structures, in terms of tissue/bone volume, trabecular separation, trabecular thickness, and trabecular number, which could be rescued by LP45 dose dependently. The GIO-induced reductions in BMC, BMD, osteoblast surfaces per bone surface (BS), as well as elevated osteoclast surface per BS were largely restored by LP45 administration dose-dependently. LP45 also increased femoral biomechanics of GIO rats. Importantly, LP45 dose-dependently restored the changes of osteocalcin, TRAP5, OPG, and RANKL in the serum as well as bone marrow of GIO rats.
Conclusion: Oral LP45 administration could significantly prevent bone defects in GIO rats, suggesting its potential as a dietary supplement with beneficial effects against osteoporosis, which might involve the RANKL/OPG signaling pathway.
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