Rice bran triterpenoids improve postprandial hyperglycemia in healthy male adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

  • Koichi Misawa Kao corporation
  • Hiroko Jokura
  • Akira Shimotoyodome
Keywords: blood glucose, GIP, GLP-1, insulin, metabolism


Background: Compared to white rice, brown rice induces a lower glycemic response in healthy and diabetic humans. This effect is partly attributed to the higher amounts of water- or oil-soluble bran components and dietary fiber in brown rice. We hypothesized that dietary supplementation with oil-soluble rice bran triterpenoids (RBTs; triterpene alcohol and sterol prepared from rice bran) might reduce the incidence of postprandial hyperglycemia in healthy humans.

Objective: We examined the acute effects of a single RBT-supplemented meal on the postprandial blood glucose responses of healthy male adults in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial.

Design: Nineteen subjects consumed a test meal containing either placebo- or RBT-supplemented olive oil. Blood biomarkers were evaluated in a fasting state and up to 240 min postprandially.

Results: Compared to the placebo-supplemented meal, the RBT-supplemented meal significantly suppressed the increase in postprandial blood glucose level. A subclass analysis revealed that RBT-supplemented oil significantly reduced blood glucose increases in subjects with higher postprandial blood glucose elevations. Postprandial increases in blood insulin, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels did not differ between the groups.

Conclusion: These results suggest that RBT consumption improves postprandial hyperglycemia in healthy humans, especially those with higher postprandial glucose increases.


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How to Cite
Misawa K., Jokura H., & Shimotoyodome A. (2018). Rice bran triterpenoids improve postprandial hyperglycemia in healthy male adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Food & Nutrition Research, 62. https://doi.org/10.29219/fnr.v62.1412
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