Gastrointestinal and metabolic effects of noodles-based konjac glucomannan in rats

  • Yun Zhou
  • Jiangdan Qin
  • Yongquan Wang
  • Yichen Wang
  • Yongqiang Cheng
Keywords: konjac glucomannan; food matrix; noodles-based; digestion; glycemic response; satiety

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the hypothesis that the beneficial metabolic effects of dietary fiber, konjac glucomannan (KGM), related with in vivo digestion might be altered if the complicated food matrix was taken into consideration. A diet of precooked noodles (PN), as widely produced and consumed in Asia, was used to simulate an actual food context. Assays were conducted with male Wistar rats (n = 80); the rats were divided into five groups and fed with either PN (control), PN supplemented with medium-dose KGM (MK), precooked low-dose KGM-supplemented noodles (LKD), precooked medium-dose KGM-supplemented noodles (MKD) or precooked high-dose KGM supplemented noodles (HKD). The time-dependent changes in blood glucose and the sensitivity to insulin after intragastric administration were determined to evaluate the postprandial glycemic response. The activity of intestinal Na+-K+-ATPase and the levels of gut hormones including motilin, cholecystokin, GLP-1, and orexin were also determined to provide insights into the function of gastrointestinal motion and after-meal hormonal feedback in each group. The noodles-based KGM showed much more efficacy in sustaining glucose homeostasis compared with KGM supplemented in a diet of noodles, indicating there might be potential long-term health outcomes of satiety and energy balance using noodles-based KGM. The postprandial glycemia was largely moderated by LKD and MKD. Despite the significant reduction in the production of glucose, MKD caused insensitivity to insulin–blood glucose regulation and a rapid gut negative feedback following a severe blood glucose fluctuation. In conclusion, the health-promoting benefits of KGM supplements on glycemic response highly depend on the type of matrix and the dose of KGM.

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Published
2019-12-13
How to Cite
1.
Zhou Y, Qin J, Wang Y, Wang Y, Cheng Y. Gastrointestinal and metabolic effects of noodles-based konjac glucomannan in rats. fnr [Internet]. 2019Dec.13 [cited 2020Feb.29];630. Available from: https://foodandnutritionresearch.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/1997
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Original Articles