The influence of eating rate on satiety and intake among participants exhibiting high dietary restraint
AbstractBackground: Studies show inconsistent results with regards to whether eating slower can enhance satiety and reduce intake in a meal. Some methodological differences are apparent and could potentially explain why results are not consistent across studies. Objective: To determine whether eating slower can enhance satiety and reduce intake when rate of eating is manipulated and not manipulated in a kitchen setting using a sample of participants who exhibit high dietary restraint (HDR). Design: Two samples of college students who exhibit HDR, which is a group likely to use behavioral strategies to manage intake, were selected in a prescreening session. Participants were told how fast or slow to eat (Variation 1) or allowed to eat at their own pace (Variation 2). Self-reported satiety during the meal and amount consumed was recorded. The types of foods, macronutrient intakes, weights of foods, order of food intakes, and the dimensions of foods were held constant between groups to control for group differences in the sensory and hedonic qualities of the meals. Results: Eating slower enhanced mid-meal satiety ratings, but only when instructions were given to eat fast or slow (Variation 1). In both variations, eating slower did not reduce amount consumed in the meal, although each variation had sufficient power to detect differences. Conclusion: Eating slower is not likely to be an effective strategy to control intake in a meal among those exhibiting HDR.
Keywords: rate of eating; high dietary restraint; satiety; calorie intake; buffet
(Published: 5 January 2012)
Citation: Food & Nutrition Research 2012, 56: 10202 - DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v56i0.10202
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Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to SNF Swedish Nutrition Foundation.