Reporting accuracy of packed lunch consumption among Danish 11-year-olds differ by gender

  • Nina Lyng Division of Nutrition National Food Institute Technical University of Denmark
  • Sisse Fagt Division of Nutrition National Food Institute Technical University of Denmark
  • Michael Davidsen National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark
  • Camilla Hoppe Division of Nutrition National Food Institute Technical University of Denmark
  • Bjørn Holstein National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark
  • Inge Tetens Division of Nutrition National Food Institute Technical University of Denmark
Keywords: School children, packed lunch, self-reported intake, recall accuracy

Abstract

Background: Packed lunch is the dominant lunch format in many countries including Denmark. School lunch is consumed unsupervised, and self-reported recalls are appropriate in the school setting. However, little is known about the accuracy of recalls in relation to packed lunch.

Objective: To assess the qualitative recall accuracy of self-reported consumption of packed lunch among Danish 11-year-old children in relation to gender and dietary assessment method.

Design: A cross-sectional dietary recall study of packed lunch consumption. Digital images (DIs) served as an objective reference method to determine food items consumed. Recalls were collected with a lunch recall questionnaire (LRQ) comprising an open-ended recall (OE-Q) and a pre-coded food group prompted recall (PC-Q). Individual interviews (INTs) were conducted successively. The number of food items was identified and accuracy was calculated as match rates (% identified by DIs and reported correctly) and intrusion rates (% not identified by DIs but reported) were determined.

Setting and subjects: Three Danish public schools from Copenhagen. A total of 114 Danish 11-year-old children, mean (SE) age = 11.1 (0.03), and body mass index = 18.2 (0.26).

Results: The reference (DIs) showed that girls consumed a higher number of food items than boys [mean (SE) 5.4 (0.25) vs. 4.6 (0.29) items (p=0.05)]. The number of food items recalled differed between genders with OE-Q recalls (p=0.005) only. Girls’ interview recalls were more accurate than boys’ with higher match rates (p=0.04) and lower intrusion rates (p=0.05). Match rates ranged from 6790% and intrusion rates ranged from 1339% with little differences between girls and boys using the OE-Q and PC-Q methods.

Conclusion: Dietary recall validation studies should not only consider match rates as an account of accuracy. Intrusions contribute to over-reporting in non-validation studies, and future studies should address recall accuracy and inaccuracies in relation to gender and recall method.

Keywords: school lunch; self-reported intake; recall accuracy

(Published: 6 March 2013)

Citation: Food & Nutrition Research 2013. 57: 19621 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v57i0.19621

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Published
2013-03-06
How to Cite
1.
Lyng N, Fagt S, Davidsen M, Hoppe C, Holstein B, Tetens I. Reporting accuracy of packed lunch consumption among Danish 11-year-olds differ by gender. fnr [Internet]. 2013Mar.6 [cited 2019Aug.24];00. Available from: https://foodandnutritionresearch.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/531
Section
Original Articles