Supplementation with a polyphenolic blend improves post-exercise strength recovery and muscle soreness

  • Kelli A. Herrlinger Kemin Foods, L.C.
  • Diana M. Chirouzes Kemin Foods, L.C.
  • Michael A. Ceddia Kemin Foods, L.C.
Keywords: Physical Performance

Abstract

Background: Exercise can initiate a cascade of inflammatory and oxidative stress–related events leading to delayed onset muscle soreness. Polyphenols possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Objective: The current study examined the effects of a proprietary polyphenolic blend (PB), containing catechins and theaflavins, on exercise performance and recovery following an eccentric exercise challenge.

Design: Male participants (18–35 years of age) received placebo or PB at a low dose (PB-L, 1,000 mg/d) or high dose (PB-H, 2,000 mg/d) for 13 weeks. During the 13th week of supplementation, participants completed an eccentric exercise (40 min downhill treadmill run) followed by a strength assessment (peak torque on isokinetic leg extensions) pre-exercise, and 24, 48, and 96 h post-exercise. Muscle soreness (subjective questionnaire), markers of muscle stress (cortisol and creatine phosphokinase [CK]), and antioxidant capacity (ferric reducing ability of plasma [FRAP]) were also assessed.

Results: PB-H attenuated the decrease in peak torque observed in the placebo group from pre-exercise to 48 h (p=0.012) and 96 h (p=0.003) post-exercise. At 48 h post-exercise, PB-H reduced whole body and hamstring soreness (p=0.029) versus placebo. Chronic consumption of PB improved serum FRAP (p=0.039). As expected, serum cortisol and CK increased from pre- to post-exercise in all groups; however, by 96 h, cortisol and CK levels returned to pre-exercise levels following PB supplementation. At 96 h, the change in cortisol from pre- to post-exercise was significantly greater in placebo versus PB-H (p=0.039).

Conclusion: These findings show that chronic consumption of PB improved antioxidant status, reduced markers of muscle stress, and promoted strength recovery post-exercise.

Keywords: strength; catechins; theaflavins; cortisol; creatine phosphokinase; antioxidant; delayed onset muscle soreness

(Published: 18 December 2015)

Citation: Food & Nutrition Research 2015, 59: 30034 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v59.30034

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Published
2015-12-18
How to Cite
1.
Herrlinger K, Chirouzes D, Ceddia M. Supplementation with a polyphenolic blend improves post-exercise strength recovery and muscle soreness. fnr [Internet]. 2015Dec.18 [cited 2019Jan.19];59. Available from: https://foodandnutritionresearch.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/768
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Original Articles