Can vitamin D supplementation improve grip strength in elderly nursing home residents? A double-blinded controlled trial
Background : Low vitamin D status is associated with reduced muscle strength, but the benefit of vitamin D supplementation is not clear. -
Objective : To study whether a daily supplement of vitamin D could improve grip strength.
Design : A subtrial of a double-blinded, controlled trial studying the effect of vitamin D on the incidence of hip fractures and other osteoporosis fractures in a frail nursing home population. Sixty nursing home residents in 14 nursing homes in the Oslo area were given 5 ml ordinary cod liver oil daily containing 10 µg vitamin D 3 (vitamin D group) or 5 ml cod liver oil where vitamin D was removed (control group). Grip strength was measured at baseline and after 1 year with supplementation.
Results : Grip strength did not improve in the vitamin D group (0.4 kg increase) compared with the control group (1.6 kg increase) after 1 year vitamin D supplementation ( p =0.22). Serum 25(OH)D was estimated to increase by 21.1 nmol l -1 ( p =0.002) in the intervention group compared with the control group.
Conclusion: A group given a daily supplement of 10 µg vitamin D 3 in cod liver oil did not improve grip strength compared with a group not receiving vitamin D from cod liver oil.
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