Cholesterol-lowering effects and potential mechanisms of chitooligosaccharide capsules in hyperlipidemic rats
Background: Chitooligosaccharide (COS) has shown potential antihyperlipidemic activity in a few studies as
a functional food.
Method: We investigated the cholesterol-lowering effect and potential mechanisms of chitooligosaccharide
capsules (COSTC) in male SD rats fed a high-fat diet.
Results: COSTC could ameliorate serum lipid levels. Simultaneously, the cholesterol-lowering effect is probably
attributed to its role in two pathways: upregulating the gene expression and activity of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), liver X receptor alpha (LXRA), and peroxisome proliferation activated receptor-α (PPARα), which facilitates the conversion of cholesterol into bile acid; downregulating the gene expression and activity of enzymes including 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) and sterol-responsive element binding protein-2 (SREBP2) and upregulating the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) to reduce the denovo synthesis of cholesterol.
Conclusion: Studies have suggested that COSTC has potential usefulness as a natural supplement or functional food for preventing and treating hyperlipidemia.
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