Indications for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and survival in old adults
Background: Many diseases striking old adults result in eating difficulties. Indications for selecting individuals for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) are unclear and everybody may not benefit from the procedure. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate indications for and survival after PEG insertion in patients older than 65 years. Design and Methods: A retrospective analysis including age, gender, diagnosis, indication, and date of death was made in 201 consecutive individuals, 94 male, mean age 79±7 years, who received a nutritional gastrostomy. Results: Dysphagia was present in 86% of the patients and stroke was the most common diagnosis (49%). Overall median survival was 123 days and 30-day mortality was 22%. Patients with dementia and Mb Parkinson had the longest survival (i.e. 244 and 233 days), while those with other neurological diseases, and head and neck malignancy had the shortest (i.e. 75 and 106 days). There was no difference in mortality in patients older or younger than 80 years, except in patients with dementia. Conclusions: Old age should not be a contraindication for PEG. A high 30-day mortality indicates that there is a need of better criteria for selection and timing of PEG insertion in the elderly.
Keywords: elderly; enteral nutrition; gastrostomy; mortality; PEG; survival
(Published: 20 July 2011)
Citation: Food & Nutrition Research 2011. 55 6037 - DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v55i0.6037
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Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to SNF Swedish Nutrition Foundation.